LOGO ERC 

ELECTRA

 

Electrochemically induced Asymmetry:

from materials to molecules and back

 

  1. Objectives
  2. Progress
  3. Non-permanent staff
  4. Publications and communications

  • Objectives

    Asymmetry is a very common feature of many systems, objects and molecules, that we use in our daily life. Actually, it is in a majority of cases the absolutely crucial ingredient for conferring a useful property to a system, a prominent example being the chiral nature of pharmaceutically active compounds. Chemists have developed various approaches to generate asymmetry, from the molecular to the macroscopic scale, but are still facing major challenges when exploring efficient alternative physico-chemical concepts for symmetry breaking.
    The global aim of the ELECTRA project is to propose so far unexplored and versatile strategies, based on the unconventional use of electrochemical phenomena, to generate asymmetry in chemical systems at different length scales.
    Investigating simultaneously wired and wireless electrochemistry will open up unique possibilities for advancing the topic of asymmetry generation in an original and cross-disciplinary way. We will determine the utility of these strategies in the frame of two major challenges that are:
    -unconventional detection, separation and synthesis of enantiomers, based on chiral encoded metal phases, very recently pioneered by us;
    -design and characterization of Janus systems with complex structures and reactivity
    Carefully designed experiments at the forefront of electrochemical science will first enable us to gain a better understanding of the different mechanisms involved in symmetry breaking. An optimization by exploring new concepts with respect to their efficiency, yield and selectivity is the next step. This will prepare for the choice of the most innovative approaches of symmetry breaking, in view of the numerous highly relevant applications, ranging from analysis to catalysis and energy conversion. Furthermore, due to the interdisciplinary character of asymmetry, the findings of this project will not only have a major impact in various areas of chemistry, but will also be very interesting for physics and biology.

     theme 11

    Dissymetrization of semi-conductive particles activated under UV-light illumination


  •  Progress

    The project relies on the theoretical and experimental know-how that we have accumulated in the group over the last two decades. Our background in physical chemistry, materials science, (bio)electrochemistry, and analytical chemistry is helping us to tackle the various scientific challenges related to this project.

    The project is organized around two complementary physico-chemical approaches to break the symmetry of chemical systems, namely wired and wireless electrochemistry. 

    Wired electrochemistry:

    There are three different challenges in this part of the project .

    A) The first major challenge is the optimization of the synthesis of chiral imprinted mesoporous metals. A very difficult task is changing the nature of the metal in order to replace noble metals which we used up to now by cheap non-noble metals. So far we were already able to imprint chiral information into mesoporous nickel electrodes, despite their chemical and mechanical more fragile nature (J. Am.Chem.Soc. 141 (2019) 18870, Front Cover; Press release).

    B) A second goal of the project concerns the use of chiral metal matrices for enantioselective separation. We’ve succeeded so far in integrating these metals into microfluidic channels and use these modified channels as intrinsically chiral stationary phases for the microseparation of mixtures of enantiomers (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 58 (2019) 3471); Cover;  Press release )

    C) The third important challenge is to adapt these new materials for enantioselective synthesis and push the enantiomeric excess (% ee) into regions of practical interest. Prochiral molecules can undergo electron transfer in principle anywhere in the metal matrix or at its outer surface and not only in the imprinted cavities. We were able to circumvent this problem by performing the enantioselective synthesis using potential pulses. This strategy turned out to be very successful, allowing us to reach unexpected % ee values of over 90%. Such a selectivity is unprecedented in chiral electrosynthesis and also constitutes a change of paradigm in heterogeneous chiral synthesis (Nature Comm. 8 (2017) 2087; Press release ).

    Wireless electrochemistry:

    In the frame of this part of the project our objective is to push the limits of the concept of bipolar electrochemistry and the corresponding progress we already made is illustrated by a few highlights.

    The first challenge concerns the synthesis of asymmetric, so-called Janus objects with an unprecedented degree of complexity in terms of used materials and design. While working on this task we’ve considerably enlarged the notion of Janus object by not only considering classic Janus particles, but by integrating also other very original asymmetric systems. We were able to propose completely unusual dynamic asymmetric systems based on conducting polymers which can be addressed in a wireless way and behave as actuators. In these cases, the induced bifunctionality can be used either for generating controlled motion of the polymer object (Adv.Funct.Mater. (2018) 1705825 and ChemPhysChem 20 (2019) 941) or for developing a new tool for the electromechanical readout of analytical information (J.Am.Chem.Soc.140 (2018) 15501). In combination with the activities described in the section about chiral recognition, we  even could design a device able to distinguish between two enantiomers (Chem.Comm. 55 (2019) 10956). Additional and very original bifunctional Janus objects have been developed in parallel based on the asymmetric modification of miniaturized light-emitting diodes (Angew.Chem.Int.Ed. (2020) in press doi.org/10.1002/anie.201915705). 


    2020 03
    Light-emitting autonomous Janus swimmer
     

 


  • Non-permanent staff hired for the ERC project 

 

- Dr. Ileana Pavel joined us in January 2020 as a post-doc.

- Dr. Ariana Alejandra Villarroel Marquez joined us as a post-doc in January 2020

- Dr Serena Arnaboldi joined us in November 2019 as a post-doc

- Kostia Tieriekhov joined us as a PhD student in November 2019

- Dr. Bhavana Gupta joined us as a post-doc in January 2019

- Dr. Ashwin Ambrose Melvin joined us as a post-doc in October 2018

- Dr. Maciej Mierzwa joined us as a post-doc in October 2018

- Dr. Elena Villani joined us in May 2018 as a post-doc.

- Dr. Gerardo Salinas joined us in March 2018 as a post-doc.

- Paul Chassagne joined us as a PhD student in October 2017.

- Laura Adam joined us as a PhD student in October 2017.

 

2019 19 Enantioselective recognition at a chiral metal surface