E. Pedraza, A. Karajić, M. Raoux, R. Perrier, A. Pirog, F. Lebreton, S. Arbault, J. Gaitan, S. Renaud, A. Kuhn, J. Lang

Lab Chip, 2015, 15, 3880–3890

We are developing a cell-based bioelectronic glucose sensor that exploits the multi-parametric sensing
ability of pancreatic islet cells for the treatment of diabetes. These cells sense changes in the concentration
of glucose and physiological hormones and immediately react by generating electrical signals. In our sensor,
signals from multiple cells are recorded as field potentials by a micro-electrode array (MEA). Thus, cell
response to various factors can be assessed rapidly and with high throughput. However, signal quality and
consequently overall sensor performance rely critically on close cell–electrode proximity. Therefore, we
present here a non-invasive method of further exploiting the electrical properties of these cells to guide
them towards multiple micro-electrodes via electrophoresis. Parameters were optimized by measuring the
cell's zeta potential and modeling the electric field distribution. Clonal and primary mouse or human
β-cells migrated directly to target electrodes during the application of a 1 V potential between MEA
electrodes for 3 minutes. The morphology, insulin secretion, and electrophysiological characteristics were
not altered compared to controls. Thus, cell manipulation on standard MEAs was achieved without introducing
any external components and while maintaining the performance of the biosensor. Since the analysis
of the cells' electrical activity was performed in real time via on-chip recording and processing, this work
demonstrates that our biosensor is operational from the first step of electrically guiding cells to the final
step of automatic recognition. Our favorable results with pancreatic islets, which are highly sensitive and
fragile cells, are encouraging for the extension of this technique to other cell types and microarray devices.

2015-13

Thumbnail Enikő Krisch, Léa Messager, Benjámin Gyarmati, Valérie Ravaine, and András Szilágyi Macromol. Mater. Eng. 2016, 301(3), 260–266 Nanogels loaded with fluorescent dextran as a model drug are...
Thumbnail Thibaut Divoux, Véronique Lapeyre, Valérie Ravaine, and Sébastien Manneville Phys. Rev. E 2015, 92, 060301(R) Flows of suspensions are often affected by wall slip, that is, the fluid velocity Vf in...
Thumbnail Florent Pinaud, Romain Millereux, Pierre Vialar-Trarieux, Bogdan Catargi, Sandra Pinet, Isabelle Gosse, Neso Sojic, Valérie Ravaine J. Phys. Chem. B, 2015, 119 (40), pp 12954–12961...
Thumbnail L. Koefoed, K. Shimizu, S. U. Pedersen, K. Daasbjerg, A. Kuhn, and D. Zigah RSC Adv., 2015, DOI: 10.1039/c5ra20156j Bipolar electrochemistry (BPE) is widely used to trigger electrochemical reactions...
Thumbnail V. Badets, D. Duclos, D. Quinton, O. Fontaine, D. Zigah Electrochimica Acta, 2015,doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2015.10.066 A dual gold-copper microelectrode (diameter 25 μm) was fabricated to be...
Thumbnail C. Adam, A. Wallabregue, H. Li, J. Gouin, R. Vanel, S. Grass, J. Bosson, L. Bouffier, J. Lacour and N. Sojic. Chem. Eur. J., 2015, 21, 19243-19249. Trianguleniums are fascinating conjugated...
Thumbnail S. Chen, G. Wantz, L. Bouffier and J. Gao. ChemElectroChem, 2016, 3, 392-398. We present solid-state, polymer-based, light-emitting electrochemical cells incorporating bipolar electrodes (BPEs)...
Thumbnail E. Pedraza, A. Karajić, M. Raoux, R. Perrier, A. Pirog, F. Lebreton, S. Arbault, J. Gaitan, S. Renaud, A. Kuhn, J. Lang Lab Chip, 2015, 15, 3880–3890 We are developing a cell-based bioelectronic...
Thumbnail M. Valetaud, G. Loget, J. Roche, N. Hüsken, Z. Fattah, V. Badets, O. Fontaine, D. Zigah. J. Chem. Educ., 2015, 92 (10), pp 1700–1704. The Electrochemical Pen (EChemPen) was developed as an...
Thumbnail C. Kumsapaya, J. Limtrakul, A. Kuhn, D. Zigah, C. Warakulwit. ChemElectroChem, 2016, 3, 410-414. Vertically aligned carbon nanotubes were grown over the inner wall of the pores of an anodic...
Thumbnail G. Tisserant, J. Gillion, J. Lannelongue, Z. Fattah, P. Garrigue, J. Roche, D. Zigah, B. Goudeau, A. Kuhn and L. Bouffier.  ChemElectroChem, 2016, 3, 387-391. The preparation of surface...
Thumbnail T. Yutthalekha, C. Warakulwit, J. Limtrakul, A. Kuhn Electroanalysis, 2015, Special Issue Advanced Materials, in press Chiral imprinted mesoporous platinum was electrochemically synthesized in the presence of...
Thumbnail A. Karajić, S. Reculusa, M. Heim, P. Garrigue, S. Ravaine, N. Mano, A. Kuhn Adv. Mater. Interfaces, 2015, in press We report the bottom-up design of a fully integrated and miniaturized...
Thumbnail M. Sentic, S. Arbault, L. Bouffier, D. Manojlovic, A. Kuhn and N. Sojic.   Chem. Sci., 2015, 6, 4433-4437.   Among luminescence techniques, electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) provides a...
Thumbnail A. Srinivasan, J. Roche, V. Ravaine and A. KuhnSoft Matter, 2015, 11, 3958-3962 In the present work, we introduce a new approach for the synthesis of asymmetric particles made from electrically...
Thumbnail C. Adam, F. Kanoufi, N. Sojic and M. Etienne. Electrochim. Acta, 2015, in press. Shearforce detection was applied to the controlled positioning of nanotip arrays at air/solid and liquid/solid...
Thumbnail G. Tisserant, Z. Fattah, C. Ayela, J. Roche, B. Plano, D. Zigah, B. Goudeau, A. Kuhn and L. Bouffier.  Electrochim. Acta, 2015, 179, 276-281. Bipolar electrochemistry is an unconventional...
Thumbnail Y. Percherancier, B. Goudeau, R. Charlet de Sauvage, F. Poulletier de Gannes, E. Haro, A. Hurtier, N. Sojic, I. Lagroye, S. Arbault, and B. Veyret Bioelectromagnetics, 2015, 36, 4, 287-293. The...
Thumbnail C. Hubert, C. Chomette, A. Désert, M. Sun, M. Treguer, S. Mornet, A. Perro, E. Duguet, S. Ravaine Faraday Discuss., 2015, 181, 139-146 Silica particles with a controlled number of entropic patches,...
Thumbnail V. Eßmann, D. Jambrec, A. Kuhn, W. Schuhmann Electrochem. Comm. 2015, 50, 77–80. The range of potential analytes for bipolar electrochemistry can be significantly extended by modification of...