I.-A. Pavel, G. Salinas, A. Perro, A. Kuhn

Adv.Intell.Syst. 2020, in press, DOI: 10.1002/aisy.202000217

Miniaturized autonomous swimmers become more and more important in many areas of research, due to various fields of use, ranging from biomedical to environmental tasks. A precise and predictable control of their trajectories is a key ingredient for increasing their application potential. This can be typically achieved by employing external forces such as magnetic or electric fields. An interesting alternative is to use intrinsic features of the swimmers, which allow them to exhibit chemotaxis. Such a built-in “intelligence” enables more complex trajectories, relying on mechanisms which can be considered as very basic analogs of decision-making processes. Herein we present autonomous light-emitting chemo-electronic swimmers, able to navigate along trajectories with increasing complexity. Their decision-making capacities were characterized by recording the light emitted along their path by a fully integrated LED. Chemotaxis was found to be the main driving force behind their behavior, allowing envisioning such systems for solving complex maze patterns.

2020 17

S. Voci, A. Ismail, P. Pham, J. Yu, A. Maziz, F. Mesnilgrente, L. Reynaud, T. Livache, P. Mailley, A. Buhot, T. Leichle, A. Kuhn, L. Leroy, A. Bouchet-Spinelli, N. Sojic

J. Electrochem. Soc., 167, 2020, 137509

The combination of bipolar electrochemistry (BE), as a wireless electrochemical approach, and of electrochemiluminescence (ECL) as an imaging readout is a successful strategy with a wide range of analytical applications. However, small conductive entities such as micrometric and nanometric objects are particularly difficult to polarize by BE since they require extremely high electric fields. In order to circumvent this issue due to intrinsic limitations of BE, we elaborated a solid-state micropore, decorated with a rhombus-shaped gold microelectrode. The electric field strength was concentrated inside the solid-state micropore where the conductive gold microelectrode was precisely located and acted as a bipolar light-emitting device. This original configuration allowed achieving adequate polarization of the gold microelectrode in a wireless manner, which led locally to ECL emission. ECL imaging shows that light was generated by the bipolar microelectrode in the center of the micropore. ECL emission could be achieved by imposing a potential value (10 V) to the feeder electrodes that is more than 2 orders of magnitude lower than those required without the micropore. The reported ECL approach opens exciting perspectives for the development of original wireless bioanalytical applications and dynamic bipolar experiments with small objects passing through the pores.

 

TOC JES2020

A. Fiorani, D. Han, D. Jiang, D. Fang,  F. Paolucci, N. Sojic, G. Valenti

Chem.Sci., 2020, 11, DOI: 10.1039/D0SC04210B

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) microscopy is an emerging technique with a wide range of imaging applications and unique properties in terms of high spatial resolution, surface confinement and signal-to-noise ratio. Although its successful analytical applications, tuning the depth of field (i.e., thickness of the ECL-emitting layer) is a crucial issue. Indeed, the control of the thickness of this ECL region, which can be considered as an “evanescent” reaction layer limits the development of cell microscopy as well as bioassays. Here we report an original strategy based on chemical lens effects to tune the ECL-emitting layer in the model [Ru(bpy)3]2+/tri-n-propylamine (TPrA) system. It consists of microbeads decorated with the [Ru(bpy)3]2+ labels, classically used in bioassays, and of TPrA as the sacrificial coreactant. In particular we exploit the buffer capacity of the solution to modify the rate of the reactions involved in the ECL generation. For the first time, a precise control of the ECL light distribution is demonstrated by mapping the luminescence reactivity at the level of single micrometric beads. The resulting ECL image is the luminescent signature of the concentration profiles of both diffusing TPrA radicals, which defines the ECL layer. Therefore, our findings provide insights into the ECL mechanism and open new avenues for ECL microscopy and bioassays. Indeed, the reported approach based on chemical lens controls the spatial extension of the “evanescent” ECL-emitting layer and is conceptually similar to evanescent wave microscopy. Thus, it should allow to explore and image different heights in substrates or in cells.

2020 31

G. Salinas, I.-A. Pavel, N. Sojic, A. Kuhn

ChemElectroChem 2020 in press, doi.org/10.1002/celc.202001104

Light emitting mobile systems are presented as an important concept for direct visualization and tracking of active objects. Motion or light emission can be achieved by different electrochemical mechanisms. Various devices, that generate light by fluorescence, (electro)chemiluminescence or via light emitting diodes are shown to be an interesting alternative for the detection or release of target molecules, providing straightforward optical imaging. This review summarizes and discusses the recent advances with respect to the design and the potential applications of such original systems.

2020 16

K. Vindas, A. Buhot, T. Livache, P. Garrigue, N. Sojic, L. Leroy and E. Engel

Optics Express2020, 28, 28740-28749

Improving the sensitivity of plasmonic optical fiber sensors constitutes a major challenge as it could significantly enhance their sensing capabilities for the label-free detection of biomolecular interactions or chemical compounds. While many efforts focus on developing more sensitive structures, we present here how the sensitivity of a sensor can be significantly enhanced by improving the light analysis. Contrary to the common approach where the global intensity of the light coming from the core is averaged, our approach is based on the full analysis of the retro-reflected intensity distribution that evolves with the refractive index of the medium being analyzed. Thanks to this original and simple approach, the refractive index sensitivity of a plasmonic optical fiber sensor used in reflection mode was enhanced by a factor of 25 compared to the standard method. The reported approach opens exciting perspectives for improving the remote detection as well as for developing new sensing strategies.

2020 30

Thumbnail Dezest M., Bulteau A.L., Quinton D., Chavatte L., Le Béchec M., Arbault S., Salvayre A.N., Cousty S., Clément F. PLOS One, 2017, 12(3) Cold atmospheric pressure plasmas (CAPPs) are known to have...
Thumbnail C. Wattanakit, T. Yutthalekha, S. Asssavapanumat, V. Lapeyre, A. Kuhn Nature Comm. 2017, 8, 2087 see also CNRS press release Asymmetric synthesis of molecules is of crucial importance to obtain...
Thumbnail Giovanni Valenti, Sabina Scarabino, Bertrand Goudeau, Andreas Lesch, Milica Jovic, Elena Villani, Milica Sentic, Stefania Rapino, Stephane Arbault, Francesco Paolucci, and Neso Sojic J. Am. Chem....
Thumbnail V. Eßmann, S. Voci, G. Loget, N. Sojic, W. Schuhmann, A. Kuhn J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2017,8, 4930–4934   Bipolar electrochemistry has been shown to enable and control various kinds of propulsion of...
Thumbnail Guangnan Meng, Vinothan N. Manoharan and Adeline Perro Soft Matter, 2017,13, 6293-6296 We design polystyrene–poly(N′-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) core–shell particles that exhibit...
Thumbnail J. Gao, S. Chen, F. AlTal, S. Hu, L. Bouffier, G. Wantz.  ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9, 32405–32410.  A linear array of aluminum discs is deposited between the driving electrodes of an...
Thumbnail B. Gupta, B. Goudeau, A. Kuhn Angew.Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 14183-14186 see also Highlight in Chemistry Views and CNRS press release Electrochemical actuation of conducting polymers usually...
Thumbnail Z. Ali Fattah, L. Bouffier, A. Kuhn Applied Materials Today 2017, 9, 259–265, COVER Self-propelled micro/nanoswimmers performing directional motion are of great potential nowadays in the frame of...
Thumbnail T.D. Le, D. Lasseux, X.P. Nguyen, G. Vignoles, N. Mano, A. Kuhn Chemical Engineering Science 2017, 173, 153–167 A multi-scale model of diffusion/reaction at play in a porous electrode is developed...
Thumbnail M. Dabrowski, M. Cieplak, K. Noworyta, M. Heim, W. Adamkiewicz, A. Kuhn, P. S. Sharma, W. Kutner J. Mater. Chem. B, 2017,5, 6292-6299 Molecular imprinting in polymers leads, among others, to...
Thumbnail L. Bouffier, T. Doneux.  Current Opinion in Electrochemistry, DOI: 10.1016/j.coelec.2017.06.015. Electrochemistry and fluorescence microscopy are two complementary transduction techniques that offer synergetic...
Thumbnail G. Di Martino,V. A. Turek,  A. Lombardi, I.  Szabó, B. de Nijs,  A. Kuhn, E. Rosta, J.J. Baumberg Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 4840-4845 We study in real time the optical response of individual plasmonic...
Thumbnail Rémy Bois, Sabina Scarabino, Valérie Ravaine, Neso Sojic Langmuir, 2017, DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b01585 We describe a method to confine electrochemiluminescence (ECL) at the oil-water interface of emulsion...
Thumbnail D. Zigah, O. Fontaine World Scientific, 2017, ISBN: 978-1-78634-353-6   Bioelectrochemical Systems (BESs) are innovative and sustainable devices. They combine biological and electrochemical...
Thumbnail C. Bodin,  E. Mourad,  D. Zigah,  S. Le Vot,  S. A Freunberger,  F. Favier, O. Fontaine Faraday Discuss., 2017,DOI: 10.1039/C7FD00174F   Nowadays, commercial supercapacitors are based on purely...
Thumbnail S. Tiewcharoen, C. Warakulwit, V. Lapeyre, P. Garrigue, L. Fourier, C. Elissalde, S. Buffière, P. Legros, M. Gayot, J. Limtrakul, A. Kuhn Angew.Chem.Int.Ed. (2017) 56, 11431-11435, COVER, HOT...
Thumbnail G. Di Martino, V. A. Turek,  C. Tserkezis, A. Lombardi, A. Kuhn, J.J. Baumberg Faraday Discuss., 2017, in press,doi 10.1039/C7FD00130D We study the optical response of individual nm-wide plasmonic...
Thumbnail A. G. Mark, E. Suraniti, J. Roche, H. Richter, A. Kuhn, N. Mano, P. Fischer Lab Chip, 2017, 17, 1761 HOT PAPER see also CNRS press release A variety of diagnostic and therapeutic medical...
Thumbnail I. Malytska, C. Mézière, M. Keilar, L. Hirsch, G. Wantz, N. Avarvari, A. Kuhn, L. Bouffier. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017, 121, 12921-12927.   Bipolar electrochemistry has recently emerged as a very...
Thumbnail L. Bouffier, S. Reculusa, V. Ravaine, A. Kuhn. ChemPhysChem 2017, 18, 2637-2642.   A new simple and versatile method for the preparation of surface wetting gradients is proposed. It is based on the...
Thumbnail C.A. Busatto, H. Labie, V. Lapeyre, R. Auzely-Velty, A. Perro, N. Casis, J. Luna, D.A. Estenoz, V. Ravaine Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 493, 2017, 356–364. Polymer microgels have received...
Thumbnail L. Bouffier, N. Sojic, A. Kuhn Electrophoresis, 2017, 38, 2687-2694. A bipolar electrode is quite unconventional as it behaves simultaneously as an anode and a cathode in contrast to a classic...
Thumbnail M. Dabrowski, M. Cieplaka, P. Sindhu Sharma, P. Borowicz, K. Noworyta, W. Lisowski, F. D'Souza, A. Kuhn, W. Kutner Biosens.&Bioelectron.2017, 94, 155-161 Nanostructured artificial receptor...
Thumbnail Nenad R. Filipovic, Hana Elshaflu, Sonja Grubic, Ljiljana S. Jovanovic, Marko Rodic, Irena Novakovic, Aleksandar Malecevic, Ivana S. Djordjevic, Haidong Li, Neso Sojic, Aleksandar Marinkovic,...
Thumbnail Haidong Li, Silvia Voci, Antoine Wallabregue, Catherine Adam, Geraldine M. Labrador, Romain Duwald, Irene Hernández Delgado, Simon Pascal, Johann Bosson, Jérôme Lacour, Laurent BouffierNeso...